Dating customs elizabethan era
'Merry England', in love with life, expressed itself in music and literature, in architecture and in adventurous seafaring".
Elizabethan England was not particularly successful in a military sense during the period, but it avoided major defeats and built up a powerful navy.
Another major conspiracy was the Babington Plot — the event which most directly led to Mary's execution, the discovery of which involved a double agent, Gilbert Gifford, acting under the direction of Francis Walsingham, the Queen's highly effective spy master.
The Essex Rebellion of 1601 has a dramatic element, as just before the uprising, supporters of the Earl of Essex, among them Charles and Joscelyn Percy (younger brothers of the Earl of Northumberland), paid for a performance of Richard II at the Globe Theatre, apparently with the goal of stirring public ill will towards the monarchy.
The Elizabethan Age contrasts sharply with the previous and following reigns.
It was a brief period of internal peace between the English Reformation and the religious battles between Protestants and Catholics and then the political battles between parliament and the monarchy that engulfed the remainder of the seventeenth century.
Having inherited a virtually bankrupt state from previous reigns, her frugal policies restored fiscal responsibility.
An attempt by Philip II of Spain to invade England with the Spanish Armada in 1588 was famously defeated, but the tide of war turned against England with an unsuccessful expedition to Portugal and the Azores, the Drake-Norris Expedition of 1589.
Thereafter, Spain provided some support for Irish Catholics in a debilitating rebellion against English rule, and Spanish naval and land forces inflicted a series of reversals against English offensives.
It was reported at the trial of Essex by Chamberlain's Men actor Augustine Phillips, that the conspirators paid the company forty shillings "above the ordinary" (i.
e., above their usual rate) to stage the play, which the players felt was too old and "out of use" to attract a large audience.